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We are turning night into day for our heroes with our range of optronics solutions so they can operate with efficiency and confidence in challenging situations, no matterhow dark their surroundings are.
We develop smart platform protection solutions for air, naval and land platforms using patented technologies and systems developed with years of research and development.
We offer end-to-end solutions from design, development, manufacturing and integration of light weight composite armour for platforms and vehicles. We are certified as per Aerospace Standard AS 9100:2009 and follow EN 9100 quality procedures.
Autro Fleet Management System deploys intelligent technologies and cloud computing to allow forces to track, respond, monitor and maintain their fleet operations efficiently through timely, accurate information and alerts.Autro Video Telematics Solution ensures driver and vehicle safety through Advanced Driver Assistance (ADAS) and Driver Monitoring Systems (DMS). It provides alerts and reports for road facing and driver facing incidents.
Optronic solutions for platforms which enhance the operating efficiency of crews operating or manning the platforms. They integrate seamlessly with the platform they have been developed for Driver Night Sight for Tanks & Armoured Vehicles.
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The escape from enemies in the darkness becomes risky for soldiers. With MKU’s thermal weapon sight, the user can detect their enemies & objects in total darkness and very diverse weather condition. This is made by the NETD parameter that measures how well a thermal imaging detector can distinguish between tiny differences in thermal radiation in the image. When the noise is equivalent to the smallest measurable temperature difference, the detector has reached the limit of its ability to resolve a useful thermal signal. The lower the NETD value, the higher the sensitivity, thereby producing a more detailed image. To know more about it, click here.
In military applications, thermal imaging devices are widely used for night surveillance, live object detection in rescue operations, targeting and range identification, and thermal mapping. Thermal imagers can be used for object identification in worst day-night conditions like high humidity, and foggy and hazy conditions whereas the image intensification technology work only in a low light environment. Military thermal imagers are developed with the ability to image at night without additional illuminators.
What is NETD & How is it measured?
Thermal devices facilitate non-destructive temperature monitoring of multiple objects in a single frame. The sensitivity of the thermal detector determines the minimum temperature difference between the background and the object that can be distinguished. Noise Equivalent Temperature Difference (NETD) determines the level of thermal sensitivity of a thermal device. The lower the NETD value, the higher the sensitivity, producing a more detailed image.
NETD helps in determining the effect of system noise on the thermal response of the device. This is the key parameter used to test the merit of a thermal device. It is the signal-to-noise figure that represents the temperature difference between the object and background, which would produce signal voltage equal to the camera’s effective temporal noise. NETD expresses the temperature difference required to get a signal-to-noise ratio of unity. It, therefore, represents approximately the least temperature difference at which the camera can work out. Figure 1 depicts the state of a system’s noise voltage and signal voltages.
Figure 1. Illustration of SNR and NETD using system signal and noise voltages.
The successful operation of thermal Imagers requires minimum radiative power that could induce temperature difference (ΔT) in a scene for which Vs (rms) > Vn (rms), or ΔT > NETD.
NETD is calculated by dividing the temporal noise by the responsivity of the sensor and is usually expressed in units of milli-Kelvins (mK), for military applications preferred choice of NETD is up to 50 mK. The value is a function of the camera’s f/number, signal integration time, and the temperature at which the measurement is made.