Understanding The Importance of Head Protection

20/11/2020 by Dr. D.D. Dixit


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Safety is an important issue for all security personnel and armed forces. One of the most crucial aspects of a soldier’s safety is Head Protection. Physiologically head is the most affected/vulnerable region of the human anatomy. Within our head, we are having a portable computer known as the brain, unfortunately; it is not strong enough to protect it from all impacts and shocks on its own. Helmets act as a primary defence against head injury, but it only works when the right helmet is worn correctly for the combat operations. Thus, it is better to say that ballistic helmets save lives and reduces the risk of brain injury. Helmets have been utilized for head protection for a considerable period and shielding a warrior’s head from the damage is the basis for survival. 

Every soldier is required to be cautious while protecting their motherland even in the toughest of environment whether it is rainy, sunny, or heavy snow that can cause a terrible effect on their skull and the entire body. Wearing a ballistic helmet during an operation is not only necessary, but it is mandatory, and getting adequate protection is the right of every soldier. During an operation, if a soldier faces any accidental situations such as mishandling of equipment or any blast, a protective helmet restricts the injury to a minimal extent. According to several research articles and reports from various journals, there is a stern mention of most incidents where head injuries occurred when soldiers did not wear the right head protection. During Iraq conflicts nearly half of the soldiers who were injured, experienced blast exposure resulting in neurotrauma.  Without a headgear or an inadequate one, the soldier can be hurt in various ways-

  • Hits from higher velocity ammunitions 
  • Hits from fragments and projectiles during blast and explosions  
  • Behind armor blunt trauma or back face transient deformation  
  • Intracranial injuries due to bodily acceleration arising from Blast(s). 
  • Asphyxiation, due to gaseous discharges. 
  • Injuries due to Blunt impact and shock  
  • Burns

Blasts cause long-term brain injuries such as-

  • Impairment of sight, speech, balance. 
  • Sleeplessness 
  • Constant Nausea 
  • Blood pressure 
  • Respiratory Depression 

Blast wave

Based on the study, a high percentage of injuries occurred on a battlefield are head wounds, in that over 90% of gunshot wounds are fatal. Those who survive can have a wide range of defects that make the recovery nearly impossible. In case of blast explosives or gunshots, there is a high risk to the wearer to suffer a traumatic brain injury resulting in resisting and deflecting the impact and then distributing the effects over a large area of the head. The suspension of a ballistic helmet usually acts as a shock and impact absorber. Therefore, the weight in head protection is a primary concern for soldiers and for Modern military operations. It is also necessary to ensure that the acquired ballistic helmet fits well to offer complete protection.

head from bullet penetration

Above image is showing how security helmet can protect soldier’s head from bullet penetration.

MKU’s advanced Ballistic Helmets consolidates the most recent superior materials innovation with Aramid and UHMWPE composites. MKU Ballistic helmets are ergonomically structured, along with specified and consistent fragmentation and ballistic performance under ensured protection levels.  Our High-grade protective padding is made of advanced energy absorbent foams that absorb the energy from the effects and shocks, hence reducing the force and energy transmitted onto the soldier’s head.  MKU’s helmets are stringently tested and complied with all international ballistic standards like NIJ and STANAG, along with environmental standards like MIL 810G. MKU has pioneered in developing the revolutionary patented Reduced Head Trauma (RHT) Technology used in their flagship of varieties of helmets. This Technology within the helmet shell protects the head from severe head injuries due to back face transient deformation when hit by high-velocity projectiles. 


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